While Bloomberg has celebrated the best decade in history for financial returns, it is not a coincidence that the wealth inequality has reached proportions not seen since the roaring´20s. And while this does not seem to concern the financial elites - who celebrated another fat end of the year - this is in reality a major concern for all the others, the 99,..%ers. This has created all sorts of distortions, not only in the economies and in financial markets but also in political systems of countries which were traditionally considered as the most democratic forms of government around the globe, such as the USA and the EU.
The massive amount of wealth concentrated in few hands tends to manipulate the markets and to corrupt political systems globally, so much that today it is impossible to see a normally functioning (i.e. not manipulated) financial market or a truly democratic form of government. This "cancer" has spread fast in the USA and throughout the EU.
The top 1 percent in the United States holds 42.5 percent of all national wealth, a far greater share than in other OECD countries. In no other industrial nation does the richest 1 percent own more than 28 percent of their country’s wealth.
And 45% of Americans have no savings at all.
The "globalization doctrine", coupled with the last 10 years of heavy Central Bank manipulations of interest rates and trillions of dollars and euros created out of thin air which have been thrown into the pockets of the cronies and speculators, have escalated a trend which has been already ongoing since the ´80s -´90s. Some also openly accuse the capitalistic system itself. Even if the capitalistic system is certainly far from perfect - and in particular "liberalism" and "laissez faire capitalism" are especially dangerous if not kept "in check" by able politicians - the real root of the problem is not the capitalistic system itself - which remains the best system possible - but rather crony capitalism and "central bank market manipulation, which goes against the very principles of capitalism". Jesse Colombo in this Forbes article, points out that the consequence is that the "situation is only temporary" and that "the asset bubbles behind the wealth bubble are going to burst and cause a severe economic crisis". This is likely the scenario that is going to happen if no other measures are taken to defuse the incumbent threat. But this is also the scenario that will generate dramatic consequences globally and year long depressions ´30s style. That needs to be avoided at all costs. The author proposes "to strike at the root by working to defuse the dangerous asset bubbles, by reining in or shutting down the Fed, and by shoring up the integrity of the U.S. dollar again by backing it with gold so that it can't be recklessly debased." This is only a partial solution to the problem. There maybe a different and completely new approach to try which has been only recently enabled thanks to emerging technologies such as the blockchains and new social studies based on behavioural economics and game theory, the so called "token-economics".
The middle class problem
One of the chief reasons why we are stuck in a substantially zero growth environment in the western countries and specially in the EU, is that the middle class - which is the real engine of the economy - is being destroyed. Historically, it is the middle class that creates new enterprises and new jobs which boost the real economy and generate economic growth. It is the middle class that consumes the most.
A 3,2 million collier for a dog is just another sign of peak decadence reached by western societies. The same 3,2 million spread across 1000 families would allow each family to spend additional 3.200 in the real economy for basic purchases such as food, clothing, medical services, travel, entertainment, etc. Distributed wealth is what grows the economy not peak concentration of wealth.
Certainly not the UHNWI who buys his 10th supercar or a new yacht or invests in a Picasso or speculates in the stock market or destroys a car worth hundreds of thousands just to show off how...well a sub-human idiot he is and how his inherited and undeserved wealth would be better confiscated and put to a much better use. This chart shows that the middle class wave is getting thinner by the year in the western countries and grows instead in the east.
The east is doing today what the west has done from the ´50s to the ´90s. If this wave is not inverted and if European and American middle classes are not promptly resuscitated, the western economies are doomed and we will descend into a new feudalism.
Therefore, considering that it is the middle class which is the entrepreneurial class which moves the economy, it is essential that they can have access to funds to create new enterprises. This is the classic chicken and egg situation. Try to go to a bank and ask for a loan to expand your small business or buy some new machineries or do some other necessary investment to boost your business productivity. Despite the zero interest rates policy, banks will not lend you unless you have some collateral to guarantee repayment. This is particularly felt in southern European countries. This is the impasse that must be broken. We have to create a completely new system of incentives so that the massive wealth concentrated in the hands of the 1% percent - which sits in low yielding bank accounts and brokerage accounts - is literally forced into the real economy, into the hands of the middle class entrepreneurs which can use it to create new businesses, new jobs, pay salaries and resuscitate the stagnating western economies. Forget the bullshit "trickle down economics" made up by the financial elites.
This is the real thing, the economic shock that is needed. And it should not be a trickle at all. It has to be a massive waterfall.
But how this can be done? We would need substantially three things: (i) a state owned investment agency, (ii) a cleverly balanced mix of incentives for the wealthy to invest in the real economy and "asymmetrical" disincentives/sanctions to force them to choose the investment option rather than alternative "elusive" options which may disproportionately backfire if caught by the sanctions (iii) a blockchain/DLT based system of accounting to guarantee transparency and accountability together with digital tokens representing the government debt issued.
The Structure, the Incentives and the
A State owned investment agency is needed. The investment agency collects funds and issues a debt instrument paying interest at a rate which is slightly higher than the rate applied by commercial banks on the liquidity held. Say that today paying an interest rate around 2-2,5% will be a very appealing proposition for wealthy citizens. Those funds are then lent into the real economy to businesses at a rate which is slightly higher (say 3% to 4%) but still far lower than the rate at which those business will normally get financings outside of the legacy banking channels.
In addition to the above financial incentives, the Government can add benefits such as:
Now on to the disincentives and sanctions. While the incentives are fundamental, there must be also governmental pressure on wealthy citizens to show them that going down the "elusion" path will have possibly asymmetric negative consequences. Introduce the sanctions:
The Blockchain and the Tokenization
You may object that the blockchain is not needed for such a scheme and that you do not
need to tokenize this debt instrument, it can be done easily in the conventional way. True, but blockchain and the tokenization become indispensable if one looks ahead into the future and wants
to achieve certain objectives which cannot be achieved with traditional instruments. For instance:
The data are indisputable. Wealth inequality is the by-product of decades long crony capitalism, financialization of the economy and middle class destruction, all this enabled by pay to play lobbyism and the systematic corruption of politics by highly concentrated wealth. History tells us what consequences can we reasonably expect in similar cases. And if the politicians, the 1%-ers, the elites and their servants think that they can contain the revolts, they are wrong. Look at France, despite the almost universal and coordinated boycott by the mainstream media of the bad news coming from France - while at the same time we are inundated with news anytime a window glass is smashed in Hong Kong or in Russia - the French protests have been going on every week now for 15 months since October 2018, with deaths, amputated hands, blinded eyes and lots of innocent blood spilled on the streets. And they are not diminishing. Rather, they are escalating. Some recent ARTE TV Reports have documented the dramatic effects of disproportionate violence used by warfare armed police against protesters.
Anyway the trend is clear, and this is a wake up call for 99,..% of the citizens in the west. There is not much time left to act before western societies plunge in widespread disorder. Political courage to reverse ineffective and damaging past policies, vision for a new course and strong leadership to implement new visionary policies are badly needed at this dangerous juncture. Unfortunately, this is a very rare merchandise nowadays among the current breed of mediocre western politicians.
#blockchain #bianconiandrea #thinkblocktank #blockchain #tokenization #tokens #wealthgap #whealthinequality #nationalcryptocurrency
Legal Disclaimer: The website and the information contained herein is for general guidance only and it does not constitute legal advice. As such, it should not be used as a substitute for consultation with lawyers on specific issues. All information in this paper is provided "as is", with no guarantee of completeness, accuracy, timeliness or warranty of any kind, express or implied.
Investment Disclaimer: The website and the information contained herein is not intended to be a source of advice or credit analysis with respect to the material presented, and the information and/or documents contained in this website do not constitute investment advice.
(c) www.bianconiandrea.com - 2020